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Geography Subject Guide  

Last Updated: Sep 13, 2016 URL: http://library.fvsu.edu/Geography Print Guide RSS Updates

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Geography

Geography is the science that deals with the study of the Earth and its lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena. A literal translation would be "to describe or write about the Earth". The first person to use the word "geography" was Eratosthenes (276-194 BC). Four historical traditions in geographical research are the spatial analysis of natural and human phenomena (geography as a study of distribution), area studies (places and regions), study of man-land relationship, and research in earth sciences. Nonetheless, modern geography is an all-encompassing discipline that foremost seeks to understand the Earth and all of its human and natural complexities—not merely where objects are, but how they have changed and come to be. Geography has been called 'the world discipline'. As "the bridge between the human and physical sciences," geography is divided into two main branches—human geography and physical geography.

      Cultural Geography                       Urban Geography                       World Geography

 

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Betty Rogers
 

Some Notable Geographers

 

Yi-Fu Tuan (1930-) - Chinese-American scholar credited with starting Humanistic Geography as a discipline

Ellen Churchill Semple (1863–1932) - She was America's first influential female geographer

William Morris Davis (1850–1934) - father of American geography and developer of the cycle of erosion 

Paul Vidal de la Blache (1845–1918) - founder of the French school of geopolitics and wrote the principles of human geography.

Carl Ritter (1779–1859) - Father of modern geography. Occupied the first chair of geography at Berlin University

Alexander von Humboldt (1769–1859) - Considered Father of modern geography, published the Kosmos and founder of the sub-field biogeography

Ptolemy (c.90–c.168) - compiled Greek and Roman knowledge into the book Geographia 

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